Container transportation is an advanced modern transportation mode that takes container as the transportation unit for cargo transportation. It has the characteristics of "safety, rapidity, simplicity and low price", which is conducive to reducing transportation links. It can carry out multimodal transport through comprehensive utilization of various transportation modes such as railway, highway, waterway and aviation, so as to realize "door-to-door" transportation.
1) Simplify packaging and save a lot of packaging costs. In order to avoid damage to the goods during transportation, there must be strong packaging, and the container has the characteristics of firmness and sealing, which itself is a good packaging. The use of containers can simplify the packaging, and some even do not need packaging, so as to realize the unpackaged transportation of groceries, which can greatly save the packaging cost.
2) Reduce cargo damage and shortage and improve freight quality. Because the container is a solid sealed box, the container itself is a solid package. After the goods are packed and sealed with lead, there is no need to unpack and load back on the way. One ticket to the end, even after long-distance transportation or repeated replacement, it is not easy to damage the goods in the box. Container transportation can reduce the cargo damage and cargo difference caused by theft, moisture and dirt. Due to the reduction of cargo damage and cargo difference rate, it not only reduces the waste of social wealth, but also has great social benefits.
3) Reduce operating expenses and transportation costs. Since the loading and unloading of containers are basically not affected by bad weather, the non productive berthing time of ships is shortened. Due to the high loading and unloading efficiency and shortened loading and unloading time, for shipping companies, it can improve the navigation rate and reduce the ship transportation cost. For ports, it can improve the berth capacity, so as to improve the throughput and increase the revenue.