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集装箱“门到门”运输有什么特点值得关注?

文章来源:http://www.runjiawuliu.com/时间:2021-08-26 15:00:08 点击:
集装箱运输是以集装箱做为运输单位进行货物运输的一种先进的现代化运输方式。它具有“安全、迅速、简便、价廉”的特点,有利于减少运输环节,可以通过综合利用铁路、公路、水路和航空等各种运输方式,进行多式联运,实现“门到门”运输。
Container transportation is an advanced modern transportation mode that takes container as the transportation unit for cargo transportation. It has the characteristics of "safety, rapidity, simplicity and low price", which is conducive to reducing transportation links. It can carry out multimodal transport through comprehensive utilization of various transportation modes such as railway, highway, waterway and aviation, so as to realize "door-to-door" transportation.
1)简化包装,大量节约包装费用。为避免货物在运输途中受到损坏,必须有坚固的包装,而集装箱具有坚固、密封的特点,其本身就是一种好的包装。使用集装箱可以简化包装,有的甚至无须包装,实现件杂货无包装运输,可大大节约包装费用。
1) Simplify packaging and save a lot of packaging costs. In order to avoid damage to the goods during transportation, there must be strong packaging, and the container has the characteristics of firmness and sealing, which itself is a good packaging. The use of containers can simplify the packaging, and some even do not need packaging, so as to realize the unpackaged transportation of groceries, which can greatly save the packaging cost.
2)减少货损货差,提高货运质量。由于集装箱是一个坚固密封的箱体,集装箱本身就是一个坚固的包装。货物装箱并铅封后,途中无须拆箱倒载,一票到底,即使经过长途运输或多次换装,不易损坏箱内货物。集装箱运输可减少被盗、潮湿、污损等引起的货损和货差,并且由于货损货差率的降低,减少了社会财富的浪费,也具有很大的社会效益。
2) Reduce cargo damage and shortage and improve freight quality. Because the container is a solid sealed box, the container itself is a solid package. After the goods are packed and sealed with lead, there is no need to unpack and load back on the way. One ticket to the end, even after long-distance transportation or repeated replacement, it is not easy to damage the goods in the box. Container transportation can reduce the cargo damage and cargo difference caused by theft, moisture and dirt. Due to the reduction of cargo damage and cargo difference rate, it not only reduces the waste of social wealth, but also has great social benefits.
3)减少营运费用,降低运输成本。由于集装箱的装卸基本上不受恶劣气候的影响,船舶非生产性停泊时间缩短,又由于装卸效率高,装卸时间缩短,对船公司而言,可提高航行率,降低船舶运输成本,对港口而言,可以提高泊位通过能力,从而提高吞吐量,增加收入。
3) Reduce operating expenses and transportation costs. Since the loading and unloading of containers are basically not affected by bad weather, the non productive berthing time of ships is shortened. Due to the high loading and unloading efficiency and shortened loading and unloading time, for shipping companies, it can improve the navigation rate and reduce the ship transportation cost. For ports, it can improve the berth capacity, so as to improve the throughput and increase the revenue.
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