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如何降低企业的物流成本?

文章来源:http://www.runjiawuliu.com/时间:2021-07-27 11:25:14 点击:
近年来,随着现代物流的迅速发展,物流管理日益渗透到企业的各项管理之中。物流成本管理是生产企业物流管理的核心部分。在生产企业中,物流成本是除原材料成本之外的成本支出项目。然而,为了能够降低企业的物流成本,大多数的企业物流管理者通过学习、实践和总结,不断探索降低物流成本的途径。尽管如此,国内企业物流成本的数值仍然处于持续上升趋势。
In recent years, with the rapid development of modern logistics, logistics management has increasingly penetrated into the management of enterprises. Logistics cost management is the core of logistics management in production enterprises. In manufacturing enterprises, logistics cost is a cost expenditure item other than raw material cost. However, in order to reduce the logistics cost of enterprises, most enterprise logistics managers continue to explore ways to reduce the logistics cost through learning, practice and summary. Nevertheless, the value of logistics cost of domestic enterprises is still in a continuous upward trend.
当前,我国生产企业物流成本管理水平低下,物流成本较高,急需采取措施加以改进。
At present, the logistics cost management level of China's production enterprises is low and the logistics cost is high, so it is urgent to take measures to improve it.
优化物流体系、改善物流管理
Optimize logistics system and improve logistics management
企业要想降低物流成本,就必须要了解自身的物流实际情况,建立物流成本数据库,对物流系统进行分析;通过对基础数据的相互比较,可以发现物流成本过高的原因,并加以改进;有了比较基础,才能够制定目标,从而建立出新的物流系统。
If enterprises want to reduce logistics cost, they must understand their own actual logistics situation, establish logistics cost database and analyze the logistics system; By comparing the basic data, we can find the reasons for the high logistics cost and improve it; With a comparative basis, we can set goals and establish a new logistics system.
企业降低物流成本应该从优化物流流程、改善物流管理入手。通过设置专门的物流管理部门,实现物流管理的专业化,并树立现代物流理念,重新审视企业的物流系统和物流运作方式;通过借鉴先进的物流管理方法,结合企业的自身实际情况,进而寻找出改善物流管理的方法,有效地降低企业的物流成本。
Enterprises should start with optimizing logistics process and improving logistics management to reduce logistics cost. By setting up a special logistics management department to realize the specialization of logistics management, establish a modern logistics concept, and re-examine the enterprise's logistics system and logistics operation mode; By learning from the advanced logistics management methods and combined with the actual situation of the enterprise, we can find out the methods to improve the logistics management and effectively reduce the logistics cost of the enterprise.
另外,企业还可以通过完善物流体系、缩短物流运程,减少库存量和周转环节,以合理的库存来提高保管效率,这也是降低物流成本的一种有效途径。企业在保证物资质量和交货时间的前提条件下,可以免去为防止残次品和不按期到货而多储备物资,节省流动资金的占用,进而实现降低物资存储费用。
In addition, enterprises can improve the storage efficiency by improving the logistics system, shortening the logistics transportation distance, reducing the inventory and turnover links, and using reasonable inventory, which is also an effective way to reduce the logistics cost. On the premise of ensuring the material quality and delivery time, enterprises can avoid storing more materials to prevent defective products and non arrival on schedule, save the occupation of working capital, and then reduce the material storage cost.
再造业务流程、选择物流模式
Reengineering business process and selecting logistics mode
为了能够适应当前的竞争态势,生产企业物流管理部门必须进行以市场、客户为导向的流程再造,变职能管理为流程管理;通过流程再造,建立以市场为导向、面向客户、以客户评判为服务考核结果、体现运作效率和效果的流程,进而可以更好地满足客户需求。
In order to adapt to the current competitive situation, the logistics management department of production enterprises must carry out market-oriented and customer-oriented process reengineering, and change functional management into process management; Through process reengineering, we can establish a process that is market-oriented, customer-oriented, customer evaluation as the service assessment result, and reflects the operation efficiency and effect, so as to better meet the needs of customers.
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