Container transport vehicle is a kind of transport mode, which can load many kinds of goods with different shapes and sizes into special boxes with standard sizes before transportation, so as to facilitate water land air combined transport. It can realize loading and unloading, transportation mechanization and standardization. It is an important reform of traditional transport mode and an important part of transportation modernization. This kind of special box is container; The vehicle specially used to transport containers is the container transport vehicle. Since the 1960s, container transportation has developed rapidly in many countries, and now it has become an important mode of international transportation.
From the process of material circulation, in most cases, the car is always responsible for the initial transportation and transportation of materials. In other words, the development of container transportation will promote the development of automobile container transportation, otherwise the container transportation in the whole circulation field will be restricted. Therefore, with the growth of China's national economic output value, the rise of automobile industry and the improvement of highway conditions, especially the construction of high-grade highway, the development of container transportation will be faster and faster.
The traditional mode of transportation has many disadvantages, such as many loading and unloading links, high labor intensity, low loading and unloading efficiency, slow ship turnover and so on. Container transportation has completely changed this situation.
1) The loading and unloading of general cargo ships is about 35t per hour, while that of containers is about 400t per hour, which greatly improves the efficiency of loading and unloading. At the same time, due to the high degree of mechanization of container loading and unloading, the number of loading and unloading workers required for each team is small, and the average labor productivity of each worker is greatly improved.
2) Due to the high efficiency of container loading and unloading and the little influence of climate, the stay time of ships in the port is greatly shortened. As a result, the voyage time of ships is shortened, the turnover of ships is accelerated, the navigation rate is greatly improved, and the production efficiency of ships is improved. As a result, the transportation capacity of ships is improved. Without increasing the number of ships, more traffic volume can be completed, and the income of shipping companies can be increased, This high energy rate leads to high efficiency.
At the same time, container transportation is a highly capital intensive industry, and the investment in the port is also quite large. The terminal facilities of special container berth include Quay Line and front, freight yard, freight station, maintenance workshop, control tower, gatehouse, and container handling machinery, etc.