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文章来源:http://www.runjiawuliu.com/时间:2021-07-14 11:11:06 点击:
集装箱运输车是一种将品种众多、形状各异、大小不等的货物在运输前装入标准尺寸的特制箱内以便于水陆空联运的运输方式,它能实现装卸、运输机械化、标准化,是传统运输方式上的一项重大改革,是交通运输现代化的重要组成部分。这种特制的箱子就是集装箱;专门用来运输集装箱的车辆就是集装箱运输车。20世纪60年代以来,集装箱运输在许多国家得到了迅速发展,现在已成为国际运输中重要的运输方式。
Container transport vehicle is a kind of transport mode, which can load many kinds of goods with different shapes and sizes into special boxes with standard sizes before transportation, so as to facilitate water land air combined transport. It can realize loading and unloading, transportation mechanization and standardization. It is an important reform of traditional transport mode and an important part of transportation modernization. This kind of special box is container; The vehicle specially used to transport containers is the container transport vehicle. Since the 1960s, container transportation has developed rapidly in many countries, and now it has become an important mode of international transportation.
从物资流通的过程来看,在多数情况下,汽车总是担负着物资的起始运输和运输。也就是说发展集装箱运输必将推动汽车集装箱运输的发展,否则整个流通领域的集装箱运输则会受到制约。因此,随着我国国民经济产值的增长、汽车工业的崛起和公路条件的改善,特别是高等级公路的兴建,集装箱运输的发展将越来越快。
From the process of material circulation, in most cases, the car is always responsible for the initial transportation and transportation of materials. In other words, the development of container transportation will promote the development of automobile container transportation, otherwise the container transportation in the whole circulation field will be restricted. Therefore, with the growth of China's national economic output value, the rise of automobile industry and the improvement of highway conditions, especially the construction of high-grade highway, the development of container transportation will be faster and faster.
传统的运输方式具有装卸环节多、劳动强度大、装卸效率低、船舶周转慢等缺点。而集装箱运输完全改变了这种状况。
The traditional mode of transportation has many disadvantages, such as many loading and unloading links, high labor intensity, low loading and unloading efficiency, slow ship turnover and so on. Container transportation has completely changed this situation.
1)普通货船装卸,一般每小时为35t左右,而集装箱装卸,每小时可达400t左右,装卸效率大幅度提高。同时,由于集装箱装卸机械化程度很高,因而每班组所需装卸工人数很少,平均每个工人的劳动生产率大大提高。
1) The loading and unloading of general cargo ships is about 35t per hour, while that of containers is about 400t per hour, which greatly improves the efficiency of loading and unloading. At the same time, due to the high degree of mechanization of container loading and unloading, the number of loading and unloading workers required for each team is small, and the average labor productivity of each worker is greatly improved.
2)由于集装箱装卸效率很高,受气候影响小,船舶在港停留时间大大缩短,因而船舶航次时间缩短,船舶周转加快,航行率大大提高,船舶生产效率随之提高,从而,提高了船舶运输能力,在不增加船舶艘数的情况,可完成更多的运量,增加船公司收入,这样高能率导致高 效益。
2) Due to the high efficiency of container loading and unloading and the little influence of climate, the stay time of ships in the port is greatly shortened. As a result, the voyage time of ships is shortened, the turnover of ships is accelerated, the navigation rate is greatly improved, and the production efficiency of ships is improved. As a result, the transportation capacity of ships is improved. Without increasing the number of ships, more traffic volume can be completed, and the income of shipping companies can be increased, This high energy rate leads to high efficiency.
集装箱运输同时又是一种资本高度密集的行业,在港口的投资也相当大。专用集装箱泊位的码头设施包括码头岸线和前沿、货场、货运站、维修车间、控制塔、门房,以及集装箱装卸机械等,耗资巨大。
At the same time, container transportation is a highly capital intensive industry, and the investment in the port is also quite large. The terminal facilities of special container berth include Quay Line and front, freight yard, freight station, maintenance workshop, control tower, gatehouse, and container handling machinery, etc.
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