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集装箱低利用率计算是如何操作的?

文章来源:http://www.runjiawuliu.com/时间:2021-07-12 11:09:01 点击:
1.什么是低利用率
1. What is low utilization
一般说来,班轮公会在收取集装箱海运运费时通常只计算箱内所装货物的吨数,而不对集装箱自身的重量或体积进行收费,但是对集装箱的装载利用率有一个低要求,即“低利用率”。
Generally speaking, the liner association only calculates the tonnage of the cargo in the container when collecting the shipping freight of the container, and does not charge for the weight or volume of the container itself. However, there is a low requirement for the loading utilization rate of the container, that is, the "low utilization rate".
2.低利用率的主要目的
2. Main purpose of low utilization
规定集装箱低利用率的主要目的是,如果所装货物的吨数(重量或体积)没有达到规定的要求,则仍按该低利用率时相应的计费吨计算运费,以确保承运人的利益。在确定集装箱的低利用率时,通常要包括货板的重量或体积。
The main purpose of stipulating the low utilization rate of containers is that if the tonnage (weight or volume) of the loaded goods does not meet the specified requirements, the freight shall still be calculated according to the corresponding charged ton when the low utilization rate occurs, so as to ensure the interests of the carrier. When determining the low utilization rate of containers, the weight or volume of pallets should be included.
低利用率的大小主要取决于集装箱的类型、尺寸和集装箱班轮公司所遵循的经营策略。当然,在有些班轮公会的费率表中,集装箱的低利用率通常仅与箱子的尺寸有关,而不考虑集装箱的类型。
The size of low utilization mainly depends on the type and size of containers and the operation strategy followed by container liner companies. Of course, in the tariff tables of some liner associations, the low utilization rate of containers is usually only related to the size of boxes, regardless of the type of containers.
3.低利用率计收运费的形式
3. Low utilization rate of freight
目前,按集装箱低利用率计收运费的形式主要有三种:低装载吨、低运费额以及上述两种形式的混合形式。
At present, there are three main forms of calculating and collecting freight according to the low utilization rate of containers: low loading tons, low freight and the combination of the above two forms.
低装载吨可以是重量吨或体积吨,也可以是占集装箱装载能力(载重或容积)的一个百分比。以重量吨或体积吨表示的低装载吨数通常是依集装箱的类型和尺寸的不同而不同,但在有些情况下也可以是相同的。而当以集装箱装载能力的一定比例确定低装载吨时,该比例对于集装箱的载重能力和容积能力通常都是一样的,当然也有不一样的。
Low loaded tons can be weight tons or volume tons, or it can be a percentage of the container loading capacity (load or volume). The number of low loaded tons expressed in weight tons or volume tons usually varies according to the type and size of containers, but in some cases it can also be the same. When a certain proportion of the container loading capacity is used to determine the low loading tons, the proportion is usually the same for the carrying capacity and the volumetric capacity of the container, but also different.
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