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铁路运输的基本知识介绍!

文章来源:http://www.runjiawuliu.com/时间:2021-06-28 11:32:05 点击:
铁路运输具有稳定程度高、运输速度快、运输距离长、运输能力大、运输成本低等优点,且具有污染小、潜能大、不受天气条件影响的优势,是公路、水运、空运、管道运输所无法比拟的。
Railway transportation has the advantages of high stability, fast transportation speed, long transportation distance, large transportation capacity, low transportation cost, small pollution, great potential and not affected by weather conditions, which is incomparable with highway, water transportation, air transportation and pipeline transportation.
铁路货物运输种类:
Types of railway freight transportation:
铁路货物运输种类即铁路货物运输方式,按我国铁路技术条件,现行的铁路货物运输种类分为整车、零担、集装箱三种。整车适于运输大宗货物;零担适于运输小批量的零星货物;集装箱适于运输贵重、易损的货物。
According to China's railway technical conditions, the current types of railway freight transportation are divided into three types: complete vehicle, less than carload and container. The whole vehicle is suitable for transporting bulk goods; LTL is suitable for small batch of sporadic goods; Containers are suitable for transporting valuable and vulnerable goods.
铁路货物运输的基本条件:
The basic conditions of railway freight transportation are as follows:
1.整车货物运输的基本条件是,一批货物的重量、体积、状态需要以一辆以上货车运送的货物,应按整车办理。
1. The basic condition of whole vehicle freight transportation is that the weight, volume and status of a batch of goods need to be transported by more than one truck, which should be handled as a whole vehicle.
2.零担货物运输的基本条件是,按货物的重量、体积、状态不需要以一辆单独货车运送,而且允许和其他货物配装的货物,可以按零担办理。
2. The basic condition for the transportation of less than carload goods is that according to the weight, volume and state of the goods, it is not necessary to transport them by a single truck, and the goods allowed to be loaded with other goods can be handled as less than carload.
3.集装箱货物运输的基本条件是,凡能装入集装箱,并且不对集装箱造成损坏和污染的货物及可按集装箱运输的危险货物均可按集装箱办理。
3. The basic condition of container cargo transportation is that all goods that can be loaded into containers and will not cause damage or pollution to the containers and dangerous goods that can be transported as containers can be handled as containers.
通过铁路运输货物任何办理托运:
Any shipment of goods by rail:
托运人通过铁路运输货物,应在铁路货运营业站办理托运,与铁路运输部门签订货物运输合同,按季度、半年度、年度或更长期限的整车大宗货物运输合同还需提出整车货物运输订单,其他整车货物以整车货物运输订单作为运输合同,交运货物时还须提交货物运单;零担和集装箱货物以货物运单作为运输合同,货物运输订单、货物运单由铁路车站提供。
If the consignor transports the goods by railway, he shall handle the consignment at the railway freight business station and sign the goods transportation contract with the railway transportation department. For the bulk goods transportation contract with quarterly, semi annual, annual or longer term, he shall also put forward the whole vehicle goods transportation order. For other whole vehicle goods, he shall take the whole vehicle goods transportation order as the transportation contract and submit the goods waybill when delivering the goods; Freight waybill is used as the transportation contract for less than carload and container goods, and freight transportation order and freight waybill are provided by railway station.
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