Railway transportation has the advantages of high stability, fast transportation speed, long transportation distance, large transportation capacity, low transportation cost, small pollution, great potential and not affected by weather conditions, which is incomparable with highway, water transportation, air transportation and pipeline transportation.
Types of railway freight transportation:
According to China's railway technical conditions, the current types of railway freight transportation are divided into three types: complete vehicle, less than carload and container. The whole vehicle is suitable for transporting bulk goods; LTL is suitable for small batch of sporadic goods; Containers are suitable for transporting valuable and vulnerable goods.
The basic conditions of railway freight transportation are as follows:
1. The basic condition of whole vehicle freight transportation is that the weight, volume and status of a batch of goods need to be transported by more than one truck, which should be handled as a whole vehicle.
2. The basic condition for the transportation of less than carload goods is that according to the weight, volume and state of the goods, it is not necessary to transport them by a single truck, and the goods allowed to be loaded with other goods can be handled as less than carload.
3. The basic condition of container cargo transportation is that all goods that can be loaded into containers and will not cause damage or pollution to the containers and dangerous goods that can be transported as containers can be handled as containers.
Any shipment of goods by rail:
If the consignor transports the goods by railway, he shall handle the consignment at the railway freight business station and sign the goods transportation contract with the railway transportation department. For the bulk goods transportation contract with quarterly, semi annual, annual or longer term, he shall also put forward the whole vehicle goods transportation order. For other whole vehicle goods, he shall take the whole vehicle goods transportation order as the transportation contract and submit the goods waybill when delivering the goods; Freight waybill is used as the transportation contract for less than carload and container goods, and freight transportation order and freight waybill are provided by railway station.