Container transportation is a modern means of transportation, which is to load goods into standardized containers, organize transportation among one or more modes of transportation by modern means, and transport goods directly from the warehouse at the place of delivery to the warehouse at the place of receiving, so as to realize door-to-door transportation. It is an integral part of the modernization of transportation, a major reform of freight transportation, and also the development direction of transportation.
Container is a kind of special container designed according to the characteristics of goods and transportation needs. It is a kind of modern transportation equipment suitable for railway, highway, water transportation and other transportation modes. Different from the general cargo packaging, in addition to the role of container, it also plays a fast and efficient role in loading and unloading, handling, transshipment, reloading and organizing the intermodal transportation between different modes of transportation.
Its internal volume is more than 20 cubic meters. The advantages of container transportation are to ensure the safety of goods, reduce the loss and difference of goods, save packaging, improve loading and unloading efficiency, speed up cargo transportation and vehicle ship turnover, reduce transportation costs, etc.
As a practical application, container transportation began on the British Railway in the early 20th century. In 1956, the United States succeeded in sea transportation with large containers, and the economic benefits were very significant. Then, container transportation flourished in the world, and it has become the Convention of general cargo transportation in international trade. It is being promoted to all parts of the world as a transportation revolution.
It is not by chance that container transportation attracts worldwide attention. Fundamentally speaking, it is the product of modern mass production and the application of automatic mechanical devices in the field of transportation. Its vitality lies in the replacement of human operation by mechanical operation, small batch production by large-scale production, and backward organization and management by modern organization and management.