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集装箱运输系统组成这系统的要素有哪些?

文章来源:http://www.runjiawuliu.com/时间:2021-07-28 10:56:44 点击:
一个系统的组成需要多种要素,集装箱运输系统具有整体性与组织性的特性,那么组成这系统的要素有哪些?
The composition of a system needs many elements. The container transportation system has the characteristics of integrity and organization. What are the elements of the system?
一、适合用集装箱装运的货物
1、 Goods suitable for containerization
一般体积适当、能承受运价、适合长时间运输、物理及化学属性稳定的货物适用于集装箱。
Generally, goods with appropriate volume, bearing freight rate, suitable for long-time transportation and stable physical and chemical properties are suitable for containers.
二、标准集装箱
2、 Standard container
除去世界规定标准集装箱外,各国还有一些国内和地区标准集装箱。
In addition to the world standard containers, there are some domestic and regional standard containers in various countries.
三、集装箱船及航线
3、 Container ship and route
船舶是水运集装箱的载运工具,而干线和支线分工明确,方便集疏运船舶。
Ships are the means of carrying water containers, and the division of labor between trunk lines and branch lines is clear, which is convenient for the collection and distribution of ships.
四、集装箱码头
4、 Container terminal
集装箱码头是水陆联运的枢纽站,是集装箱货物在转换运输方式时的缓冲地,也是货物的交接点,因此,集装箱码头是内贸集装箱运输系统的重要组成部分。
Container terminal is the hub of land and water intermodal transport, the buffer for container goods when changing the mode of transportation, and also the junction point of goods. Therefore, container terminal is an important part of domestic trade container transportation system.
五、内陆集疏运系统
5、 Inland collection and distribution system
集装箱货运站、码头堆场;支线运输子系统;公路、铁路、空运运输子系统
Container freight station, wharf yard; Branch line transportation subsystem; Highway, railway and air transportation subsystem
六、运输管理系统
6、 Transportation management system
七、关系人
7、 Human relations
船公司;公路、铁路、空运公司;货代公司;船代公司;无船承运人;集装箱出租公司;多式联运经营人。
Shipping company; Highway, railway and air transport companies; Freight forwarding company; Shipping agency company; NVOCC; Container leasing company; Multimodal transport operator.
八、内贸集装箱运输辅助子系统
8、 Domestic trade container transportation auxiliary subsystem
相关工业(集装箱制造、修理等相关行业)、金融业、保险业、计算机通信网络等相关辅助子系统。
Related industries (container manufacturing, repair and other related industries), finance, insurance, computer communication network and other related auxiliary subsystems.
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