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集装箱运输成本真的在降低吗?

文章来源:http://www.runjiawuliu.com/时间:2021-07-19 11:16:34 点击:
近年来,集装箱运输为适应一些特殊规格货物,集装箱规格越变越大,单箱运输成本也随之降低,但从整体运输情况来看,集装箱的运输成本真的降低了吗?
In recent years, container transportation in order to adapt to some special specifications of goods, container specifications become larger and larger, and the cost of single container transportation also decreases. But from the overall transportation situation, has the cost of container transportation really decreased?
1、大型船舶造成了交通方面的投入增加
1. Large ships have increased investment in transportation
由于集装箱规格大型化,集装箱船舶也随之越造越大,船舶加大、加宽,一方面导致桥梁高度、水道宽度,码头泊位等基础设施需要投入资金进行完善,另一方面,大型船舶容易造成堵港问题,这大大降低了集装箱运输效率。船舶造大的问题,导致每年交通方面需投入4亿美元用于设备、疏浚、基础设施等完善。
Due to the large-scale container specifications, the container ships are becoming larger and larger, and the ships are enlarged and widened. On the one hand, the bridge height, waterway width, wharf berth and other infrastructure need to be improved. On the other hand, large ships are easy to cause the problem of port blockage, which greatly reduces the efficiency of container transportation. Due to the problem of shipbuilding, 400 million US dollars are needed to be invested in equipment, dredging and infrastructure improvement every year.
2、大型集装箱船导致的物流风险上升
2. Logistics risk rising caused by large container ships
大型集装箱船舶,一旦出现物流风险,随之而来的救助成本也是可观的。
Large container ships, once there is a logistics risk, the attendant rescue costs are considerable.
集装箱运输船舶到底需要造到多大?这真的是我们想要的吗?其实对承运人来说,这样做节省的成本微薄,甚至成本不减反增。
How big does container ship need to be? Is this really what we want? In fact, for the carrier, the cost saved by doing so is meager, or even the cost increases instead of decreasing.
我们不能一味地追求集装箱船大型化,需要从长远角度考虑,公共政策也需要更多的关注集装箱运输成本问题,让各方利益能够相互结合。
We can not blindly pursue the large-scale container ship, we need to consider from a long-term perspective, and public policies also need to pay more attention to the cost of container transportation, so that the interests of all parties can be combined with each other.
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